Nose bleeds, or medical terms called epithaxis, are conditions in which blood flows from one or two nostrils, lasting from a few seconds to more than 10 minutes.
How do you manage nosebleeds?
Web MD writes, nosebleeds can be stopped with the following treatments:
Keep calm. If you start to get nervous, you're bleeding more.
Sit down, do not lie down.
Bend forward. It dries the blood in the back of your throat.
Pinch your nose closed. Use your thumb and forefinger to hold your nostrils for 5 to 10 minutes while breathing through your mouth. This puts pressure on the part of the nose that is bleeding and can prevent blood from flowing.
Once the bleeding has stopped, do not touch or hit. Because the action will bleed the nose.
But if it continues, blow your nose to get rid of blood clots. You can also spray decongestants such as oxymetazoline (Afrin, Vicks Sinex or Mucinex) into both nostrils. Then pinch your nostrils and breathe through your mouth for 5 to 10 minutes.
While the NHS tells you to put ice on your nose. The body tries to stay upright and not lie down.
"Because it reduces blood pressure in the nasal arteries and prevents further bleeding," he wrote.
If the bleeding finally stops, you usually do not need to see a doctor. However, in some cases, you may need additional treatment by a general practitioner.
Under what circumstances should the treatment of nose bleeds be immediately brought to the doctor?
- Bleeding continues for more than 20 minutes
- The bleeding is plentiful and you lose a lot of blood
- You have trouble breathing
- Swallow a large amount of blood that makes you vomit
- Nosebleeds develop after a serious injury, such as a car crash
- You have symptoms of anemia such as heart palpitations, shortness of breath, and pale skin
- Nosebleeds that occur in a child under two years old
- What are the causes of nosebleeds?
The inside of your nose is filled with small, thin blood vessels that can be damaged and bleed easily. Blowing your nose very hard can also cause nosebleeds. In addition, nosebleeds can also occur due to minor nose injuries and changes in humidity or temperature resulting in drying and cracking of the inside of the nose.
The NHS Inform also indicates that sometimes bleeding can come from deeper blood vessels in the nose. This can be caused by a blow to the head, a recent operation of the nose and hardened arteries (atherosclerosis).
You can not always prevent nosebleeds, but you can do some things to reduce the risk of having nosebleeds. Here is the description, as reported by Web MD:
- Leave the inside of your nose wet. Drought can cause nosebleeds. Use cotton to apply a thin layer of vaseline to your nostrils three times a day, including before sleeping. You can also use antibiotic ointments such as bacitracin or polysporin.
- Use a nasal spray. Spraying it into the nostrils helps keep the inside of the nose moist.
- Use a humidifier. Your nostrils can dry out because the air in your house is dry.
- No smoking. Smoking habits can dry up and irritate the inside of the nose.
- Do not blow your nose or rub your nose too hard. If your child is bleeding, keep your nails short and keep your nose from breaking.
- Do not take cold medications and allergies too often. It can dry your nose. In some cases, some medications can cause nosebleeds or worse. You may need to discuss your medications with your doctor.